What is Cybercrime in Pakistan?

Cybercrime in Pakistan is considered to be a form of Electronic Act of Crime; whether offline or online, as long as the person, data, information system, and/or are in Pakistan. Our Criminal Lawyers in Pakistan are always available for you to discuss your matter 24/7.

In the event Electronic devices (For example, a device made or modified to cause harm) or Electronic means (For Example, the internet) is used to commit a crime, it would be categorized into Cybercrime.

“Cyber crimes, white collar crimes are not victimless. A single scam can destroy a company, devastate families by whipping out their life savings, or cost billions of rupees to the victims. By passage of time such type of crimes are now becoming more sophisticated than ever, and the Investigating Agencies have to use modern devices and expertise skills to track down the culprits. In these circumstances, although direct evidence is available in this case, but even when circumstantial evidence is collected by the Investigating Agencies without breakage of chain, the same can be considered sufficient evidence (material) to connect the accused with the commission of the crime”

2014 LHC 8067

In this article, we will explore what is considered Cybercrime in Pakistan, as well as discuss the most common issues of cybercrime, as well as what you should do if you fall victim to cybercrime in Pakistan.

A brief video explaining cybercrime in Pakistan

What acts count as Cybercrime in Pakistan?

In its very broad form, the crimes covered under Cybercrime, and that constitute illegal acts are inclusive of (and not limited to):-

  • Unauthorized access to information systems, data, or critical infrastructure systems and their data
  • Unauthorized copying or transmission of data or critical infrastructure information system
  • Interference with an information system, data, or critical infrastructure system, and its data
  • The Glorification of an offense
  • Cyber Terrorism
  • Hate Speech
  • Recruitment, Funding, and planning of terrorism
  • Electronic Forgery
  • Electronic Fraud
  • Malicious Coding
  • Making, obtaining, and/or supplying devices for use in offense
  • Unauthorized use of identity information
  • Unauthorized Issuance of SIM Card
  • Spamming
  • Spoofing / Spreading of Fake News
  • Tampering of Communication Equipment
  • Unauthorized Interception
  • Offenses against the Modesty and/or Dignity of a Person/People
  • Child Pornography
  • Cyber Stalking

“Cybercrime has become rampant in society and that is the reason legislature in its wisdom has provided a different criterion about admissibility of evidence in such cases without any wire one can have facility of connection all over the world as whole business of world is going on through internet. Due to development in Science and Technology, it is not possible to bring on record physical existence of everything as whole technology is based on satellite operational networks. All documents prepared, produced or generated through modern devices are admissible in evidence”

PLD 2009 Lahore 254

Typical Examples of Cybercrimes in Pakistan

  • Creating/Using Fake Social Media Accounts
  • Hacking your phone and/or Computer
  • Writing Comments online of a threatening nature
  • Using the Internet to defraud people
  • Spreading photos of people without their consent
  • Engaging in Fraud Online
  • Hijacking a WhatsApp Account
  • Using keystroke software to record passwords
  • Setting up bugging devices illegally
  • Public Defamation based on lies
  • Creating a website to cheat the General Public

What to do if you are a victim of Cybercrime in Pakistan?

The governing body of this act is the PTA, but (depending on the offense) The FIA and Police can assist you. Depending on what crime has been committed, the steps would be modified accordingly.

If you’re out of Pakistan, you may assign a friend or relative on your behalf in Pakistan through a Special Power of Attorney. You may also use us via our Overseas Pakistani Legal Services for your matter.

Facing cybercrime from Pakistan abroad?

If you’re facing cybercrime originating from Pakistan and require legal assistance, we can help! with a panel of legal experts familiar with the local landscape and cybercrime laws, we offer comprehensive support in navigating this complex issue. To get started, you can reach out to us through our website or directly contact one of our multilingual lawyers specializing in cybercrime.

We understand the sensitive nature of these situations and offer secure communication channels to protect your privacy; we’ll carefully assess your case, gathering details about the nature of the cybercrime and its impact. Based on your specific needs, we can develop a tailored legal strategy, potentially involving:

  • Investigating the source of the cybercrime: Our team can assist in gathering evidence and identifying the perpetrators within Pakistan’s legal framework.
  • Communicating with Pakistani authorities: We can liaise with relevant law enforcement agencies and legal channels to report cybercrime and initiate appropriate action.
  • Protecting your rights and interests: We’ll guide you through legal procedures to mitigate any damages caused by cybercrime and seek appropriate compensation.
  • Providing ongoing legal support: Throughout the process, we’ll be your trusted advisors, answering questions, keeping you informed, and ensuring your legal rights are protected.

Remember, timely action is crucial in cybercrime cases. Don’t hesitate to reach out for assistance, and we’ll work diligently to help you achieve justice and ensure your online safety.

Please note that we may require additional information about your specific situation to provide the most accurate and relevant assistance. We are committed to upholding the highest ethical standards and operating within the legal boundaries of Pakistan.

Our 3-Step Guide to Dealing with Cyber Crime in Pakistan

Below is our 3 Step Guide on how to deal with Cybercrime in Pakistan. This is something that you can do yourself, although we would recommend you get legal advice first.

Step 1- Report it!

There you need to record as much information as possible (including evidence such as Screenshots, weblinks, SMS messages, etc) and list it in a report, in chronological order. This will make the investigation process easier.

Names, locations, and details of the incident, ensure to record every aspect possible (at the same time, try to ensure it’s not a novel! Keep it short and simple, highlighting the criminal aspects).

Step 2 – Submit it to all relevant Departments

Once you have drafted a report, submit it to all relevant departments (i.e. Submit a Report to The Federal Investigation Authority, Submit an Application to The Police, Pakistan Telecommunication Authority, etc).

When submitting reports and applications, it is key to note down the dates of the report submitted with either a receipt slip or a diary room number.

Step 3 – Follow up and Prosecute!

Simply submitting a report online doesn’t mean that your job is over. It is vital to take regular updates on how far your application has progressed. If you ever feel that your matter is not being taken seriously then complain either to the same apartment (to Senior Level) or to the Wafaqi Mohtasib. In all events, court intervention is always an option.

Get in Touch with us today!

Whether you’re facing cybercrime issues, need clarification on your rights, or require assistance with legal procedures, 24Justice is here to help. Our team of skilled lawyers specializes in cybercrime law, offering personalized advice and robust legal solutions.

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